Frisco is a city in Collin and Denton County, Texas (USA). It is a northern suburb of Dallas. As of the 2000 census, the city population was 33,714, while 2014 estimates place the population at more than 140,000. Frisco has been and continues to be one of the fastest growing cities in the United States. In the late 1990s, the North Dallas development tide hit the northern border of Plano and spilled into Frisco, sparking explosive growth into the 2000s.
When the Dallas area was being settled by European immigrants, many of the settlers traveled by wagon trains along the old Shawnee Trail. This trail was also used for cattle drives north from Austin. This trail later became the Preston Trail, and later, Preston Road. With all of this activity, the community of Lebanon was founded along this trail and granted a U.S. post office in 1860. In 1902, a line of the St. Louis-San Francisco Railway was being built through the area, and periodic watering holes were needed along the rails for the steam engines.
The current settlement of Lebanon was on the Preston Ridge and was thus too high in elevation, so the watering hole was placed about four miles to the west on lower ground. A community grew around this train stop. Residents of Lebanon actually moved their houses on logs to the new community. The new town was originally named Emerson, but that name was rejected by the U.S. Postal Service as being too similar to another town in Texas. In 1904, the residents chose Frisco City in honor of the St. Louis-San Francisco Railway on which the town was founded. The name was later shortened to its present name.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 70.0 sq. miles. 69.9 sq. miles of it is land and 0.2 sq. miles of it is water.
Frisco is a "Home Rule" city. Frisco voters adopted its initial "Home Rule" Charter in 1987. In May 2002, Frisco residents voted to revise the Charter and approved 19 propositions.
The form of government adopted by Frisco is the Council-Manager, which consists of a Mayor and six City Council members elected "at-large" and a City Manager. Council members' duties include enacting local legislation (ordinances), adopting budgets, determining policies and appointing the City Manager and City Secretary.
Like many Dallas suburbs, Frisco is accumulating a tremendous number of retail properties, including Stonebriar Centre, a 165 store regional mall, and an IKEA store with an area of 310,000 square ft. Retail establishments and restaurant chains line Preston Road which is one of the major north-south running traffic arteries in the city.
Frisco took a different economic tack than many surrounding cities and elected to use a fractional percent of local sales tax to fund the Frisco Economic Development Corporation (FEDC) rather than DART, the regional transportation body. The FEDC funds have been used to provide incentives to businesses to locate in Frisco, thus boosting the tax base of the city to more than just retail and residential sources. As a result, Frisco has also become the home for sports franchises including FC Dallas of Major League Soccer, the Frisco RoughRiders, a Texas League AA affiliate of the Major League Baseball Texas Rangers, and by 2016 Frisco will be the corporate home of the Dallas Cowboys. Frisco is also the home office and training facility for the National Hockey League Dallas Stars.